Crowning achievement of the golden age of Greek civilization, amazingly sophisticated Doric temple known as the Parthenon is the largest such building built in Greece and crowning the highest point of the city skyline (Acropolis means “upper town”). Dedicated to the patron goddess of the city Athena Parthenos (Athena the Virgin), it was originally painted so brightly (like all other buildings on the Acropolis) that an alarmed Plutarch complained: “We are gold- beautified our town as a whore”.
Today it shimmers gold-white sunlight, proof of its successive incarnations as Byzantine church, Frankish and Ottoman mosque cathedral lost in history. Let us leave the museum to finally see, among other superb statues, four of the original Caryatids, or maidens, before serving as columns and marble friezes that Lord Elgin failed to refer to England.
The main artistic event of Greece, summer Athens Festival, presents ancient dramas, operas, ballet and music performed by local and internationally renowned artists. The theater of II century. “Herod Atticus” on the southern slope of the Acropolis is legendary acoustics.